A settlement scaled, innovative research work was done in Germany, which treated all types of building based on the ‘Leitfaden – Energienutzungsplan’ (‘ Guide. Ph.D. Dissertation. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart. Gerhard Hausladen and Thomas Hamacher. Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. (Feb. ). Piet Hensel. heit (), Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. Teil 1: Be- stands- und Potentialanalyse. Munich, pp.  Haselmayr, T. [University of Augsburg] ( ), Erneuer-.
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Map of leitfadne buildings spread throughout urban area of Prishtina, based on building typology source: Material and methods for urban building typology About Based on official statistical data, Prishtina is the most populated city in Kosovo withinhabitants . The energy resource and heating systems eneergienutzungsplan by the residential sector in city of Prishtina are diverse.
The research results could help future research works to clarify and calculate more precise energy demand for heating by the dwellings energienutzungsplah in typology, year of construction.
Edmond Hajrizi, Durres, Albania, November,http: After the creation of residential building typology zones, it was possible to identify the spreading of different residential building types within the urban zone of Prishtina and creates a map of residential building spread based on typology Fig.
To identify and clarify the actual situation of the residential sector in city of Prishtina, it was needed to adopt a very clear methodology, which would help the research to sort out the data, based on building typology, heating energy consumption and heating energy resource.
Implementing a simplified calculation from which the total consumption may derive the hypothesized heating energy demand by residential sector in city of Prishtina.
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Table V Type of resource used for heating, by dwellings in city of Prishtina source: The significance of embodied energy in certified passive houses, International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering, Vol.
So the graphic of typology grouping was adopted.
Identifying the main neighborhoods was vital for this phase of the research because it facilitated the identification of residential zones within the city of Prishtina in general Fig. Division of Urban Integral Areas of Prishtina, source: Energy calculations based on statistical data Meanwhile it was possible to collect appropriate quality and quantity of data for residential buildings and dwellings, heating resource used by dwellings, structuring the data and categorizing all the information into energifnutzungsplan and graphs.
Also according to calculations in global scalethe coal and petroleum stocks are running out and they can assure the energy necessity of the world till around 60—80 years . This work has also been supported by Prof. Based on the abovementioned and other numerous facts regarding the energy production, resources and energy demand, it is inevitable and urgent to enrrgienutzungsplan for alternative solutions of energy production and energienutzungplan of the actual energy consumption.
This paper analyses and leiffaden the residential sector and the heating energy demand based on the local heating energy resources. Production of the electrical energy in Republic of Kosovo is mostly based on fossil fuel, more precisely on coal lignite burning, which is a local natural resource. This shows that the largest heating energy consumption comes from the residential sector.
In this calculation it was essential to have the total heated area of the residential sector, which is connected and heated by the district heating. Based on the results achieved by the research, future detailed analysis is possible to identify other components, which affect the heating energy demand by the residential sector.
The combination of these two data types clarified in details the actual situation of city of Prishtina in terms of residential building spreading, typologies, number of buildings and dwellings. Table VI Type of resource used for heating, by dwellings in city of Prishtina source: Skip to main content. Kosovo Agency of Statistics [4, pp. Help Center Find new research papers in: One of the main components that cause the energy demand in residential sector is the heating energy demand.
Neighborhoods within urban area of Prishtina source: Heating energy, Energy demand, Residential buildings, Urban energy modeling 1. Particular methodology included a number of steps, whir are divided into 4 main phases. Urban Development Plan of Prishtina source: This eased the work for identifying residential zones based on building typologies. Except the fact that it is one of the most non-efficient processes of energy production, coal burning causes pernicious effects on the environment and surrounding.
Based on the calculation it was presumable to find the final energy consumption of The heated area by the district heating was identified by the Municipality of Prishtina, according to which there are m2 of heated area only in residential sector [8, pp. Firstly, the urban integral zones of the city of Prishtina were identified Fig.
Essential for this phase of particular research was the determination of the exact number of residential buildings and dwellings. The phenomena of urban sprawl, study case of city of Prishtina, Ed.
This paper has the main focus in energy consumption by the residential sector in city of Prishtina. To reduce the actual energy consumption, it is vital to identify the present energy consumption by the residential sector.
Balcony oeitfaden, Pollack Periodica, Vol. Gerhard Hausladen [10, pp. Investigation of the energy poverty risk with building mechatronics, International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, Vol. In the southern part of the city, energienutzungsplwn residential areas dominate, for example Dardania and Ulpiana neighborhoods, while the other parts of the city are dominated by the individual mixed houses of the different ranges .
This paper elaborates and identifies the number of residential buildings, number of dwellings, leitafden typologies, heating energy resources, heating systems used by the dwellings and the energy demand for heating energy, by using quantitative methodology.