O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
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Saneamento Básico – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia
Furthermore, the study of Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram points to the need to evaluate inter-relationships between indicators. The objectives of the FA were: Identifying the methodological characteristics of European green city rankings.
Even though the indicators make decision making possible, this study has not sought to evaluate the impact of the program or sanitation policy. It may be noted that the municipalities not included in the analysis due to a lack of data did not significantly affect the representativeness of the sample, given that the 1144 were maintained.
Increasing international initiatives employ composite indicators to measure the performance of cities, compare them and use them to influence national and international political discussions. In this sense, it seeks to represent these municipalities by typology in a table format for the initial interpretation by placing each municipality within the group that it belongs to.
Secretaria do Meio Ambiente. There is also a sanitation ranking initiative that has been undertaken by the government of India. The concept of adequate sanitation was also defined through a thematic content analysis of the principles of the Sanitation Law, which have been grouped by these themes, forming the attributes of box 2. After nine years of the Sanitation Law that defines the national guidelines in this area, it is still necessary to clarify the elements characterizing basic sanitation, and seek tools that enable monitoring sanitation in municipalities.
In terms of the sample size, according to Hair and collaboratorsthere need to be more observations than variables, with the minimum acceptable ratio being 5: Adapted from Giovannini and collaborators and Meijering, Kern and Tobi In terms of the WSW Coverage indicator, the value of 25 is much larger than the second largest value. Based on these themes, the indicators were selected to understand the correlated structure formed by them.
Of the 16 attributes, the data selection managed to include only eight of them, and some of them only partially.
The FA summarizes the variables and generates factor scores for the municipalities. Only Profile I had a large reduction in representativeness.
Saneamento no Brasil
In this sense, different weights were not attributed due to theoretical importance; equal weights were considered for all of the factors. The analysis of the variables used to elaborate the composite indicators for basic sanitation is based on the Handbook on constructing composite indicators Giovannini et al. In addition, it was necessary to differentiate the value of zero, to not arrive at a geometric value of zero, by considering the value closest to zero. Saneameento In Brazil there are roughly 3.
Lei n o Since this is an explanatory study, our application focuses on a group of municipalities to evaluate the possibility of this type of usage. The justification for this factor score is that it is computed based on the factor weights of all of the variables that make up a factor, avoiding a repetition of information.
The criteria for the extraction of the number of factors was the latent root, with only eigenvalues greater than 1 being considered significant, which resulted in three factors or latent dimensions: Step 3 is based on exploratory factor analysis FA to determine the structure of the relationships between the variables Corrar, Paulo and Dias Filho, In terms of its contributions, this study offers: This data demonstrates the need for improvements in basic sanitation.
Elaborated by the authors.
From the point of view of public administration, the monitoring of data is important and necessary in order to accompany the progress of activities, improve the transparency of the accounting, and demonstrate results Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram, The normalization was performed based on taking the lowest factor score and summing the other values. The degree to which the results can be generalized was tested by dividing the sample randomly into two sub-samples and the results of saneaento Varimax rotation loads, the commonalities, and the factor structure proved to be stable, because there was no representative load of the variable in other factors.
Saneamento no Brasil – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
In general, the MBSI values for municipalities are very close to each other. What these three rankings have in common is that they are based on indicators or indices that are applied to cities and that range in number from 12 to Final considerations This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation.
Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, Ecological Indicatorsv. In terms of limitations, we can cite the lack of available data for all of the municipalities, the reliability of the collected data, the difficulty of integrating information from various databases, the manner of comparing 11445 based on profiles, and the aggregation of data which has the limitation of using a compensatory method, even though this was only used to a partial extent.
The sample consisted of observations the quantity of municipalities and 92 variables, equivalent to a ratio of 5: Table 2 shows the quantities of the state municipalities and their respective typologies as well as those of the sample.