Captain John Smith (–) Admiral of New England was an English soldier, sailor, and author. He is remembered for his role in. Smith as Unreliable Narrator in The General History of Virginia While John Smith did many things for the. In chapter 1, book 3 of The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles, published in , Captain John Smith describes.

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When we first set sail some of our gallants doubted nothing but that our captain would make too much haste home. For what they did, after they were but once a little inured, it seemed, and some conceited it, only as a pleasure and recreation, yet 30 or 40of such voluntary gentlemen would do more in a day than one hundred of the rest that must be pressed to it by compulsion.

Despite this, he wrote a series of publications after returning to England in October [2] about the colonial effort in North America, where he marginalised the Company’s involvement. But twenty good workmen had been better than them all. M r Edward Maria Wingfield.

A Publication of Virginia Humanitites. Finding this eastern shore shallow broken isles, and for most part without fresh water, we passed by the straits of Limbo for the western shore. Yet none [was] hurt; only Anthony Bagnall was shot in his hat and another in his sleeve.

A smoke appearing on the other side of the river, we rowed thither, where we found two or three little houses, in each a fire. The new President and Martin, being little beloved, of weak judgment in dangers and less industry in peace, committed the managing of all things abroad to Captain Smith; who by his own example, good words, and fair promises set some to mow, others to bind thatch, some to build houses, others to thatch them, himself always bearing the greatest task for his own share, so that in short time he provided most of them lodgings, neglecting any for himself.

But during this great discovery thirty smih which might as well have been done by one man and much more for the value of a pound of copper at a seasonable time they had the pinnace and all the boats with them but one that remained with me to serve the fort.

The next day we safely arrived at Kecoughtan.

We have not received the value of a hundred pounds. At last on the western shore we saw large cornfields; in the midst [of the river] a little isle, and in it was an abundance of corn. Edward BrintoMason. The mine is a great rocky mountain like antimony, wherein they digged a henerall hole with shell and hatchets.


Iames ReadBlacksmith. But the torment was instantly so extreme that in four hours had so swollen his hand, arm, and shoulder we all with much sorrow concluded [anticipated] his funeral and prepared his grave in an island by, as himself directed. But he so much scorned their charitie, and publikely defied the vttermost of their crueltie, he wisely prevented their policies, though he could not suppresse their envies, yet so well he demeaned himselfe in this businesse, as all the company did see his innocency, and his adversaries malice, and those suborned to accuse him, accused his accusers of subornation; many vntruthes gistorie alledged against him; but being so apparently disproved, begat a generall hatred in the hearts of the company against such vniust Commanders, that the President was adiudged to giue him 1.

The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles

So I humbly rest. Our captain sporting himself by nailing them to the ground with his sword set us all a fishing in that manner. With so much as we could carry we returned to our boat, kindly requiting this kind king and all his kind people. Finding their aptness to believe, we failed not as a great secret to tell them anything that might affright them, what spoil we had got and made of the Massawomekes. As for the two ships’ loading of corn Newport promised to provide us from Powhatan, he brought us but four teen bushels, and from the Monacans nothing, but the most of the men sick and near famished.

On the 19 of December, But not seeing nor hearing any people and the river very narrow, we returned to the great river to see if we could find any of them, coasting the shore towards Nansemond which is mostly oyster banks. The President returning from amongst the woods, seeing the time consumed and no provision gotten and the ship lay idle at a great charge and did nothing presently embarked himself in the discovery barge, giving order to the Council to send Lieutenant Percy after him with the next barge that arrived at the fort.

Digging the ground above in the highest cliffs of rocks, we saw it was a clay sand so mingled with yellow spangles as if it had been half pin-dust.

Strange were these pleasures to their conditions; yet lodging, eating and drinking, working or playing, they [were] but doing as the President did himself. I fear they will be the confusion of us all ere we hear from you again. All 17th-century American writings were essentially in the manner birginia British virhinia, and both the content and form of the literature of this first century in America were markedly English.


M r George Percie Anthony Gosnoll.

Captain John Smith, The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England & the Summer Isles ()

Had we been as free from all sins as gluttony and drunkenness, we might have been canonized for saints. These being in an open barge near three ssmith burden, leaving the Phoenix at Cape Henry, they crossed the Bay to the eastern shore and fell with the isles called Smith’s Isles, after our captain’s name.

The highest land on the main, yet it was but low, we called Keale’s Hill, and these uninhabited isles, Russell’s Isles. But if you rightly consider what an infinite toil it is in Russia and Swethland [Sweden] where the woods are proper for naught else, and though there be the help both of man and beast in those ancient commonwealths, which many a hundred years have used it; yet thousands of those poor people can scarce get necessaries to live but from hand to mouth.

The want of the venerall, knowledge to manage his boat without sails, the want of a sufficient power knowing the multitude of the savagesapparel for his men, and other necessaries, were generalp impediments, yet no discouragement.

Having gone so high as we could with the boat, we met diverse savages in canoes well loaden with the hisstorie of bears, deer, and other beasts; whereof we had part. Here we found mighty rocks growing in some places above the ground as high as the shrubby trees and diverse other solid quarries of diverse kohn and diverse places where the waters had fallen from high mountains they had left a tinctured spangled scurf that made many bare places seem as gilded.

But to burn the isle at night it was concluded.

Transcription from Original

Each hour expecting the fury of the savages, when God, the patron msith all good endeavors, in that desperate extremity so changed the hearts of the savages, that they brought such plenty of their fruits and provisions that no man wanted. To This Present Smith, perceiving notwithstanding their late misery not any regarded but from hand to mouth the company being well recoveredcaused the pinnace to be provided with things fitting to get provision for the year following.

Regain, therefore, your old spirits, for return I will not if God please till I have seen the Massawomekes [and] found Potomac or the head of this water you conceit to be endless.

At last one of them desired us to go to his house up that river. Peter Keffer, a gunsmith.

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