If we explore the Swedish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Swedish culture relative to other world. If we explore French culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of France’s culture relative to other world. Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third.

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International Marketing Review, 30 5 These considerations are also true in international management and cross-cultural leadership. The tool can be used to give a general overview and an approximate understanding of other cultures, what to expect from them and how to behave towards groups from other countries. Society at large is more consensus-oriented.

The fundamental issue here is how a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat In addition, they place a higher degree of importance on leisure time, ivm as they please and spend money as they wish. For the surname, see Hofstede surname.

This makes him the currently most cited European social scientist.

The dimension scores in the Hofstede model of national culture can be downloaded here

Country comparison Select one or several countries in the menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. This leads to misunderstandings and misinterpretations between people from different countries. Select one or several countries in the menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions.

The quantification of cultural dimensions enables us to make cross-regional comparisons and form an image of the differences between not just countries but entire regions.

The Hofstede Model in Context”. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture. As a trained psychologist, he began his analysis of the survey data he had collected at IBM hpfstede the individual respondent level.


NonOfficial VSM08 scores 01 He was struck by the cultural differences he noticed between England and the Netherlands, two very close European countries. The French combination of a high score on Power Distance and a high score on Individualism is rather unique. Weak UAI societies chltuur a more relaxed attitude in which practice counts more than principles. Parents make their children emotionally independent with regard to groups in which they belong. And that there is nothing in Hofstede’s work that pertains to individual-level behaviours or actions.

National scores should never be interpreted as deterministic for individuals. The bipolar model follows typical distinctions made between liberal or bim political philosophy for Hofstede.

Culture’s Consequences in a value test of its own design. The skeleton I proposed is a worldwide structure in cultural differences among cultures. According to Hofstede’s model, men’s hofstexe differs greatly from women’s culture within each society.

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Archived from the original on 27 September Mirror, mirror on the wall: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations [15] which is an updated version of his first publication [4]. For example, if you want to market cars in a country where the uncertainty avoidance is high, you should emphasize their safety, whereas in other countries you may base your advertisement on the social image they give you. Power is not only centralised in companies and government, but also geographically.

Lagom ensures that everybody has enough and nobody goes without.

Effects of information capitalism and globalisation on teaching and learning. As companies try to adapt their products and services to local habits and preferences they have to understand the specificity of their market.

To avoid this fallacy and resulting confusion Brewer and Venaik recommend avoiding the use of the Hofstede dimension scores in management research and culruur. InReputation Institute, which “recognizes individuals who have greatly contributed to the field of reputation through both scholarship and practice”, [27] nominated Hofstede as the Best Scholar of the year. ciltuur


Gert-Jan Hofstede, who is a population biologist and social scientist in information management; Rokus Hofstede, who works as a translator; Bart Hofstede, who is a Cultural Counselor of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Berlin, and Gideon Hofstede, who works as an international marketeer.

He was also influenced by a trip he made to England after meeting an English girl introduced to him by a friend of his family Alain Meiar, where he experienced cultural shock. Hofstede’s theory can be contrasted with its equivalence at individual level: Incentives such as free time and flexible work hours and place are favoured. More pointedly, d’Iribarne questions the generalized conclusions that Hofstede draws from the data, imposing Hofstede’s own value system on what the data show.

They don’t necessarily define individuals’ personalities.

Many comparative studies have shown that French companies have normally one or two hierarchical levels more than comparable companies in Germany and the UK. According to Gilligan, this dimension is eurocentric and sexist. Dimensions do not exist — a reply to Brendan McSweeney.

A new interpretation of the World Hofstsde Survey and other cross-cultural data. They are a product of our imagination, used for understanding. The application of this research is used worldwide in both academic and professional management settings. And this is also valid for written communication as explained in William Wardrobe’s essay “Beyond Hofstede: Independent culutur in Hong Kong led Hofstede to add a fifth dimension, long-term orientation, to cover aspects of values not discussed in the original paradigm.

The variety of application of Hofstede’s abstract theory is so wide that it has even been translated in the field of web designing in which you have to adapt to national preferences according to cultures’ values. Ciltuur Read Edit View history.

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