By looking at these seminal ideas, Architecture: Form, Space, and Order encourages the reader to look critically at the built environment and. Francis D. K. Ching Architecture Form, Space, and Order Wiley () (1) Data: Ching, Frank, Architecture: form, space, & order / Francis D.K. Ching. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Ching, Frank, Architecture-form, space, & order / Francis D.K. Ching. – 3rd ed. p. cm. Includes.

Author: Kele Taujind
Country: Rwanda
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 17 July 2004
Pages: 481
PDF File Size: 14.93 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.24 Mb
ISBN: 466-6-21435-935-2
Downloads: 3742
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shakasida

Along this axis, it can be easily extended.

The visual emphasis is on the enclosing planes rather than the volume of space defined by the planes. The overall form of a building can be endowed with a distinctly planar quality by carefully introducing openings that expose the edges of vertical and horizontal planes.

Ching starts with the most basic elements of geometry–points, lines, planes, volumes–and demonstrates how they can be combined and organized to create architectural forms. See all 12 brand new listings. The color and texture of these forms and surfaces, in turn, affect their reflectivity and the ambient franccis level within the space.

Ching is a G. The drawings made me want to work harder and become a better designer. As they increase in size, these openings begin to erode the natural sense of enclosure walls provide.

It was my first introduction to architectural form and my first college text book. An opening franj also be oriented away from direct sunlight and receive instead the diffuse, ambient light from the sky vault overhead. In addition, they serve to separate one space from another and establish a common boundary between the interior and exterior environments. It covers a variety of topics with beautiful illustrations.

It is the primary means by which we recognize, identify, and categorize particular figures and forms. While this field is strongly defined and enclosed at the corner of the configuration, it dissipates rapidly as it moves away from the corner.

The collage is intended to persuade the reader to look for likenesses among seemingly unlike constructions and bring into sharper focus the critical distinctions that reflect the time and place of their making. It not only Steel Joist shelters the interior spaces of a building from sun, rain, and snow, but also has a major impact on the overall form of a building chinng the shaping of its spaces.


This pattern is similar to that of a centralized organization, but it lacks the latter’s compactness and geometrical regularity.

It creates sharp patterns of light and dark on the surfaces of a room and orde articulates the forms d.k.archigecture the space. These two faces of a plane can be equivalent and front similar spaces. The orientation of a line affects its role in a visual construction. They turn their back on the corridor and orient themselves to the exterior environment. Two Faces or a Vase? This fkrm the first phase of the circulation system, during which we are prepared to see, experience, and use the spaces within a building.

Texture The visual and especially tactile quality given to a surface by the size, shape, arrangement, and proportions of the parts. Ching born is a widely recognized author of books addressing architectural and design graphics.

Closure Four vertical planes establish the boundaries of an introverted space and influence the field of space around the enclosure. This dif- ferentiation among the secondary spaces also spacce the form of a centralized orga- nization to respond to the environmental conditions of its site. The pyramidal composition culminates in a spire that serves to establish this fortified monastery as a specific place in the landscape.

Architecture: Form, Space, & Order

These diagrams categorize additive forms according to the nature of the relationships that exist among the component forms as well as their overall configurations. Shape is the principal aspect by apace we identify and categorize forms. If neither plane extends to the corner, the field will become more dynamic and organize itself along the diagonal of the configuration.

For the second edition, my appreciation goes to the many students and their teachers who have used this book over the years and offered suggestions for its improvement as a reference and tool for study and teaching. The spatial qualities of form, proportion, scale, texture, light, and sound ultimately depend on the properties of the enclosure d.k.architecgure a space.

Francis D. K. Ching, Architecture Form, Space And Order 3rd Edition

Symmetry or an axial condition can be used to strengthen and unify portions of a clustered Axial conditions Axial condition Symmetrical condition organization and help articulate the importance of a space or group of spaces within the organization. The white space in between, however, should not be seen simply as background for the walls, but also as figures in the drawing that have shape and form. Window and skylight openings provide this view and establish a visual relationship between a room and its surroundings.


A group of windows can be sequenced to fragment a scene and encourage movement within a space. Clustered spaces can be organized about a Clustered about an entry Grouped along a path A loop path point of entry into a building or along the path of movement through it.

Conceptually, it has no length, width, or depth, and is therefore static, centralized, and directionless. The location and orientation of a window or skylight, therefore, can be more important than its size in determining the quality of daylight a room receives.

We can sense a point at the meeting of two lines, a line marking the contour of a plane, a plane enclosing a volume, and the volume of an object that occupies space. Of these, the most significant are the primary shapes: Parallel Planes Two parallel vertical planes define a volume of space between them that is oriented axially toward both open ends of the configuration.

An opening can also beoriented away from direct sunlight and receive instead the diffuse, ambient light from the sky vault overhead. It will also allow incoming light to wash the surface of the wall plane perpendicular to it and articulate the primacy of that plane in the space.

Standing free within a space, a column defines zones of space within the enclosure. Because they are open-ended, they are flexible space-defining elements.

For general information about our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the United States atoutside the United States at or fax In addition to shape, forms have visual properties of: At the center of its environment, a point is stable and at rest, organizing surrounding elements about itself and dominating its field. While this revision continues to be a comprehensive primer on the ways form and space are interrelated and organized in the shaping of our environment, it has been refined to amplify and clarify concepts.

It can also rest on its apex in a precarious state of balance. How might they be transformed into coherent, useful, and meaningful structures of space and enclosure? In the example above, the tokobashira, often a tree trunk in natural form, is a symbolic element that marks one edge of thetokonoma in a Japanese tearoom. Permissions Request permission to reuse content from this site.

Author: admin